The certificate of origin in transport is an accreditation document in international trade whose function is to determine the country in which the goods being transported have been manufactured.
It is important not to confuse the country of origin with the country of provenance or the country where the goods are to be shipped.
The certificate of origin is a very important document in all import and export operations in third countries within the European Union. Countries belonging to the European Community and performing intra-Community transactions are completely exempt from submitting this type of documentation.
The certificate of origin is used to certify the origin of goods intended to enter a given country. As it is intended to identify the origin of the goods, it must be separated from other documents.
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How to obtain a certificate of origin?
The certificate of origin is issued by the Chamber of Commerce and is valid indefinitely, i.e. it does not expire. In certain cases, the customs authorities may require the reprocessing of this document in order to issue the goods certificate.
This document is issued in the country of departure of the goods and at the time of export. The documentation to be provided is as follows:
- Responsible statement affirming knowledge of the applicable regulations
- Have documentation proving the place of manufacture of the goods
This documentation must be taken to the Chamber of Commerce so that it can issue such certificate.
Data to be provided for issuance of the certificate of origin
The applicant must provide the Chamber of Commerce with the following documentation:
- Packaging number and model
- Nature of the goods
- Quantity based on units
Instructions for issuing a certificate of origin
- Shipper: Name, surname, address, country…
- Addressee: First name, last name, address, country…
- Country of origin
- Transport information: Transport by which the export is being made
- Order number, markings, number, nature of packages and description of goods.
- Quantity: Kilograms, gross weight and net weight.
Types of certificate of origin according to their use
As mentioned above, there are three types: certificates of origin for export, certificates of origin for import and certificates of origin for transit.
Certificate of origin for export
There are three types:
- Community certificate of origin: Countries where the European Union does not have preferential treatment agreements.
- EUR-MED: For countries with preferential treatment agreements with the European Union.
We have the following:
- Certificate of origin from which the goods originate: Countries in which the European Union does not have preferential treatment agreements.
- REX: Register of Exporters.
- ATR: For countries with preferential treatment agreements with the European Union.