Transporting wind turbines may seem simple, but it is not. If a wind farm is to be built , the transportation of the wind turbines must be taken into account, since depending on the location of the wind farm, it can be somewhat complicated.
Wind turbines consist of nacelles, blades and towers. Therefore, their organization during transport is crucial in order to be able to transport the machines to the desired location.
Wind turbines are generally transported by sea to the port, and then the transport is completed by road to reach the wind farm. In order to make this trip, it is necessary to use special vehiclesfor this purpose and roads suitable to support these trucks, both for their weight and the space they occupy.
So, how are wind turbines transported?
This transport has to be governed by special permits since we are talking about special trucks and permission must be requested from the traffic authorities.
In the case of the transport of blades, a special permit must be requested since their length exceeds 16 meters according to the General Vehicle Regulations.
In order to be able to travel on the road, these permits must be requested in order to guarantee road safety at all times and avoid damage to infrastructure that could be caused by poor organization of the route or possible dangers for road users.
The three types of authorization are:
It is used for vehicles with a maximum length of 20.55 m x 3 m wide x 4.5 m high.
The weight cannot exceed 45 tons.
For vehicles whose length increases by 4 meters with respect to the generic authorization.
Its weight cannot exceed 100 tons.
Maximum 5 m wide x 4.5 m high.
The length and weight is the same as the special authorization.
In order to request this type of authorization from the competent traffic authorities, an itinerary must be established, with an origin and destination (points A and B), always identifying the routes to be used and the provinces through which the transport will circulate.
At all times, the competent authorities will choose the most direct and coherent route to be able to make the trip.
Técnica Superior en Diseño y Edición de Publicaciones Impresas y Multimedia - Artes Gráficas por IES Virgen de la Paloma. Gestor de tráfico en Transvolando.