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They are those goods that, in their production process, handling, storage, movement or in their own natural state, can give off gases or vapors that are harmful to health or ignite easily.

What types of dangerous goods are there?

The group of experts of the UN classifies and constitutes the document from which the current regulations that regulate the transport of dangerous goods by road both nationally and internationally flow.

According to the requirements for their transport, a difference is made between limited dangerous goods, which are explicitly named and require express authorization, and non-limiting ones, which allow their transport by general groups. According to classes of dangerous goods , the established categorization is as follows:

Class 1. Explosive materials and objects

It includes the most dangerous goods, not only the explosives themselves, but all those that under certain conditions can cause explosions and even fires, either due to exposure to high temperatures, or due to friction or other circumstances that can modify their chemical nature. Given its high risk, the transport of this type is specifically regulated. Within this group are pyrotechnic materials, such as rockets and firecrackers.

Class 2. Gases

This typology includes a varied group of substances with very different risks, such as toxicity or flammability, but which have specific gaseous characteristics under certain conditions. Compressed gases, such as nitrogen and oxygen, liquefied gases, such as butane or propane, pressurized gas cartridges, such as aerosols, etc. are of this type.

Class 3. Flammable liquids

They are a type of liquid that, when in contact with a flame or focus at high temperature, can catch fire. This category includes liquid fuels, such as gasoline or diesel, as well as alcohol, varnish, etc.

Class 4.1. flammable solids

They are substances in a solid state that under the influence of heat can burn or spark. Some can also generate toxic gases in their combustion. In this group we find wood, celluloid, phosphorus compounds, etc.

Class 4.2. Substances susceptible to spontaneous ignition

This category contains those products that either can ignite spontaneously when in contact with air in small quantities, or do not ignite, but undergo heating. White phosphorous, greasy and oily tissues, etc., are of this type.

Class 4.3. Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases

Here we find materials that react with water giving off flammable gases that, when in contact with air, can cause explosions. Here we find substances such as metal hydrides, sodium, potassium, etc.

Class 5.1. Oxidizing or comburent substances

They are materials that in themselves are not combustible but that, by giving off oxygen, cause the combustion of others. For example, stabilized hydrogen peroxides, chlorites, percarbonates, etc.

Class 5.2. organic peroxides

They are materials like oxidants but, being more unstable, they have a greater probability of combustion, in addition to being combustible.

Class 6.1. Toxic materials

This type contains a wide variety of substances that chemically do not have much in common, but all of them are characterized by a high degree of toxicity to humans, the environment or animals. Examples of this category are cyanides, arsenic compounds, etc.

Class 6.2. infectious materials

They are those that contain pathogenic agents that cause diseases in both animals and humans. Here we include microorganism, such as viruses and bacteria, etc.

Class 7. Radioactive materials

These materials emit certain particles and radiation that cause damage to cellular tissue. Here we have nuclear fuels, radioactive isotopes, etc.

Class 8. Corrosive materials

Due to their composition, when they come into contact they cause damage to the skin and mucous membranes, and in the event of a leak, they can cause damage to the elements with which they come into contact. Acids and corrosive salts fall into this category.

Class 9. Substances and other dangerous objects

During their transport, they can pose different dangers than those contemplated in the previous typologies.

Last class: Toxic and dangerous waste

In this last category we include all those containers that have contained any of the substances described in the preceding sections. Its transport, likewise, must be specifically regulated to avoid damage.

Who regulates the transport of dangerous goods?

In the first instance, it is the MITMA, which marks the regulations that regulate the transport of dangerous goods, which regulates this type of transport, as we can verify in Royal Decree 97/2014, of February 14, published in the BOE. There are different organizations such as ADR (European Agreement Relating to the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road), RID for international carriage of dangerous goods by rail, IMDG (International Maritime Dangerous Goods) applies to international sea carriage, or ICAO for international carriage by air.

In any case, the transport company and the driver of a vehicle that transports dangerous goods must be informed about the different regulations on dangerous goods loads.

What data must contain the consignment note that accompanies a transport of dangerous goods?

When carrying out a transport of this type, we must consider the dangerous goods transport documentation and the ADR danger labels.

1- UN number that must be preceded by the letters “UN”.

2- Official shipping name and technical file.

3- Label model numbers must be indicated. For explosive materials, you must also indicate the classification code and risk labels. As for radioactive materials, the class number “7”. For lithium, UN numbers 3090, 3091, 3480, and 3481 the class number “9”.

4- Packing group “GE”

5- The number of packages and description.

6- Total amount of each dangerous goods along with the UN number.

7- Name and address of the issuer(s).

8- The name and address of the recipient.

9- Declaration in accordance with the provisions of any singular agreement.

10- When applicable, the tunnel restriction code must also appear in capital letters.

Transvolando It has the guarantees of the freight transport companies peligrosas offering solutions and security for our customers


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